What are testes and what is their Anatomy?
Testes (singular: testis or testicle) are paired, oval-shaped, male-reproductive glands, which sit in the scrotum (supporting structure for the testes which hangs beneath the base of the penis) and measure about 5 cm in length and 2.5 cm in diameter.
They normally develop in the abdomen and descend into the scrotum through the inguinal canals during the seventh month of fetus development. The main function of the testes is to produce sperms and the male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone.
What are the types of Testicular Cancers?
The testes are made up of mainly 3 types of cells: spermatogenic cells (germ cells), Sertoli cells, and interstitial (or Leydig) cells. Each of these cells can develop into one or more types of cancer. Germ cell tumors are the most commonly encountered (around 90-95% of all cases) testicular cancer.
Germ cell tumors are classified into following 2 types based on the type of cells involved, growth rate, and type of treatment approach usually followed for such tumors:
- Embronal Carcinoma
- Endodermal Sinus/Yolk Sac Tumors
Best Testicular Cancer (Germ Cell Tumor) Specialist in Delhi
Dr Sunny Garg is a renowned Medical Oncologist in New Delhi with an experience of around 10 years of treating testicular cancer patients with chemotherapy. He is currently practicing at Manipal Hospital, Dwarka.
Diagnostic modalities available at our hospital include Tumor Markers- AFP, Beta HCG, LDH, High Inguinal Orchidectomy, CT Guided Biopsy, etc. Other treatment facilities for Testicular Cancer available are Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection, Radical Inguinal Orchidectomy, Laproscopic Sugery, Radiation Therapy, etc.
Call +91 9686813020 for appointment.