Risk factors for Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is 2 to 3 times more common in women. Reason for this gender disparity is unknown though.
As with most other cancers, older age individuals remain at higher risk of developing thyroid cancer compared to young ones.
History of radiation exposure
Individuals with a history of radiation exposure to head and neck, especially at a younger age are at increased risk of developing thyroid cancer. The risk further increases with the increase in the radiation dose.
Dietary iodine intake
A diet with very high iodine content may increase the risk of papillary thyroid cancer whereas a diet deficient in iodine content may cause follicular thyroid cancer or other benign thyroid disorders like goiter. The risk of thyroid cancer further increases in the presence of other risk factors, such as radiation exposure.
Individual with a history of thyroid cancer in close relatives are considered to be at increased risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Many inherited genetic alterations have been reported to be associated with a high incidence rate of thyroid cancer, for example (e.g.), multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2), familial papillary thyroid cancer, familial polyposis coli, Gardner syndrome, and Cowden disease.
Thyroid Cancer Signs and Symptoms
- A lump or swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the neck.
- Difficulty in swallowing.
- Hoarseness of voice.
- Chronic cough that does not go away with treatment.
Best Thyroid Cancer Specialist in Delhi
Dr Sunny Garg is a renowned Medical Oncologist in New Delhi with an experience of around 10 years of treating thyroid cancer patients. He has treated thyroid cancer patients with Chemotherapy and Targeted Therapy. He is currently practicing at Manipal Hospital, Dwarka.
Diagnostic modalities available at our hospital include Thyroid FNAC/Biopsy, Throglobulin Test, Calcitonin levels, Thyroid Hormone Levels, CEA, Whole Body PET CT, etc. Other treatment facilities for Colon Cancer available are Lobectomy, Hemithyroidectomy, Total Thyroidectomy, Radiation Therapy, etc.
Call +91 9686813020 for appointment.